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雅思写作社会类话题思路+范文

TOPIC  

Demand for food is increasing worldwide. What are the causes? What measures could the international community take in order to improve the situation ?  

题目大意:全球粮食需求增加。原因是什么?国际社会如何应对?


思路:

题目问的是原因和办法,文章结构就是逐一回应,一段专门写原因,一段专门写办法。

办法和问题无需数量对等,只要所提出的问题都被解决就可以。

审题,找出关键词:Demand for food, worldwide, the international community, 注意在分析问题时,要找普适的原因,而不是个别地区的特例;解决办法也要具有普适性;


提纲梳理如下:  


范文:

While agricultural industry has improved significantly since the Industrial Revolution, the pressure on food supply in the world is not without its challenges. It looks to me that this problem can be attributed to the ever-growing population relative to the underdevelopment in farming industry, and accordingly I will recommend some measure to tackle the problem.  


One of the most frequently mentioned factors leading to the apprehension about food shortage is the accelerating population on the planet. The past century has witnessed an almost threefold increase in the world population to over 7 billion, which entails enormous demand for food supply. Unfortunately, the agricultural production has been left behind due to relentless urbanization worldwide, which acts as the major culprit that constantly encroaches on farmland the world over. To complicate matters even more, another concomitant consequence of city prosperity is the migration of younger generation from rural areas to cities, which exacerbates insufficient labor force needed by agriculture.


However, the aforementioned problems can be tackled with from both administrative and technological perspectives. Firstly, governments can legislate against further encroachment on agricultural land, thus preserving the land for farming purposes. Adding to the point is to apply new technology to increase crop production, whether these be farm machinery, organic fertilizers, or pesticides. Not to be left behind is the education at the importance of agriculture among youngsters, thus curbing the brain drain from village to cities.


I would conclude therefore, the imbalance between food demand and supply is caused by the population explosion and the trend towards urbanization; both issues can be properly addressed with the combination of legislation, technology and education.


相关词汇:

Agriculture / farming 农业

the Industrial Revolution  工业革命  

be attributed to  归咎于  

relentless  无节制的  

urbanization  城市化  

encroach on 侵占  

migration  迁徙  

farm machinery  农业机械

organic fertilizers  有机化肥  

brain drain  人才流失    


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