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让口语考官忍不住打高分的连接词

最近学生们总苦恼:为什么我背了那么多高分词汇,考试的时候还是吞吞吐吐!!

嗯。。嗯。。。。

嗯嗯。。。。

考官看了挺捉急的。我也捉急啊。然而我还是憋不出来!

之前背了都在那瞬间忘了!


其实,大家只是少了一个很重要的神助攻--段落句子中的连接词


利用这些连接词来停顿,和空出一小段时间,来思考组织接下来想继续展开的观点。

而且口语的part3部分,多运用这些连接词还有利于给考官一个“说得很地道”的印象!

今天先给大家福利一部分让考官忍不住打高分的连接词,干货在此,加油背!


特别提示:


● 这些连接词一般出现在句首,起到承接上下句和提示“即将说的话”的作用。也有一部分连接词可以用在句中。

● 不要多次使用同一个连接词,要学会运用同义转换,增加用词的多样性。

● 一些非常正式的连接词并不适合运用在口语考试中,比如“moreover”,这些词更适合用在写作考试里。

● 在用这些词之前,切记先明白准确词义,以免运用不当反而容易扣分。如果你不能流利地使用这些连接词,那么也无法保证获得6分以上的成绩。


1


Stating two contrasting points in a balanced way, not emphasizing the difference

表达同时重要的两个观点,并不强调某个观点的重要性时


On the other hand (另一方面)

I can't decide which country to study in. Britain has many universities and a long history, so it would be interesting to study there. On the other hand, Australia has a nicer climate. It’s a difficult decision.


Alternatively (作为一种选择)

You could get a degree in accountancy in Britain. Alternatively, you could do it in Australia or New Zealand.


Then again (然而)

We might get married this year. Then again, we might delay it for a year or two – we haven’t decided yet.


2


Stating two contrasting points and emphasizing the difference

表达两个完全相反的观点,并强调其中某一观点的重要性时


However (然而..)

I’m interested in science and computers. However, my sister’s more interested in art and music.


Nevertheless (不过, 虽然如此,  然而, 仍然)

I wouldn’t say that all advertisements are a bad influence on children – some of them are quite informative and entertaining.

Nevertheless, I think some advertisements might be detrimental to children. For example, …  


Having said that =  That said  (也就是说...可以这么说...)

Learning English isn’t easy; it takes hard work and practice.

Having said that, many people do become quite fluent after a few years of study.


At the same time (但是, 然而)

I think good teachers have to be quite strict in order to keep the class under control.

At the same time, teachers should be warm and friendly so the students can relate to them as human beings.


All/Just the same (仍然,尽管如此...)

Studying overseas can be wonderful experience for students.

All the same, they have to work very hard to make up for their language deficiencies.  


Still  (还是,然而...)

It’s going to take me a few years and quite a lot of money before I get my doctorate.

Still, I think it’ll be worth it in the end because …


Yet (还是,然而...)

He does the least study of any of us, yet he almost always gets the best grades!


Instead (代替)

Don't overuse any of the examples shown here. Instead, show a variety of ways to express your meaning.


In spite of (this, that);

Despite this;

Despite that  

(但仍然...)

The second hotel was more expensive than the first one, about double the room rate, in fact. In spite of  the cost, we chose to stay at the second one because we wanted a taste of luxury for a night.


Even so  (尽管情况如此)

Studying a foreign language overseas is much more expensive than studying it at home; (but,) even so, it’s definitely the best way to learn a language.  


Conversely (相反...)

这个词略显正式,更加适用于雅思写作的task 1 部分

Global warming will probably result in some farming areas in the warm parts of the world becoming arid and unusable.

Conversely, places that are too cold for farming now might become suitable for farming as they become warmer.  


In contrast  (相反)

Young people like films that are full of excitement and romance, reflecting how they feel about things.

In contrast, older people prefer more subtle and thoughtful films.


3


Talking about Similarity

表达相似观点时


Similarly (也,同样)

Yes, I think there should be a little more emphasis on practical skills, especially in primary school.

Similarly, in high school and university, there should be more emphasis on the practical application of what students learn at school.


In the same way=In a similar way

My grandmother taught my mother how to cook when she was just a child.

In the same way, my mother taught me when I was about ten years old.


By the same token  (相应地;基于同一理由)

Yes, I think we should try to follow the advice of our parents.

By the same token, parents should consider what their children really want, not just what they themselves want.


4


Contradicting

表达完全相反的观点时


On the contrary (恰恰相反...)

特别提示:很多同学误以为这个连接词和 ‘On the other hand.’ 的意思相同,但其实这个词是在表示一个完全相反的意思时使用。


第一种用法:

表示并不赞同某个观点,并强调自己的观点:

“That's untrue and I’ll tell you the true situation.”

“I disagree and this is what I think.”


A: “I guess you're Canadian.”

B: “On the contrary, I'm Australian.”

------------------------------

A: “I heard you live in a big house.”

B: “On the contrary, I live in a small apartment.”


第二种用法: :

-“I think that's ugly.”

-“I don't think it's ugly at all. On the contrary, I think it's quite beautiful.”  


在这里 “I don’t think it's ugly” = “I think it's beautiful” ,这两句话其实是同一个意思。

所以说,在使用这个连接词的时候,句子的形式是:

negative statement + "On the contrary" + positive statement.

e.g.

“Eventually, I came to believe that I wouldn't fail. On the contrary, I became convinced that I would succeed very well.”


5


Concession  concede (v)

承认某事属实,有效,合理等


Of course

Of course, there’s always an exception to the rule but, in general, I still stand by what I said.


Admittedly

Admittedly, some people do waste money but I think the majority of people are pretty careful with their money.


Naturally

Naturally, I hope to find a job that’s both interesting and well paid but, realistically, such jobs are hard to find when a person first starts working.


Obviously

Obviously, there'd be fewer cars on the roads if they were much more expensive to buy.


Undoubtedly

Clearly

Undeniably

Undoubtedly, millions of cars do produce air pollution but I'd say that the thousands of trucks that come into and leave the city during the night produce a lot of the air pollution that we see when we wake up in the morning.


6


Concession and Counter Argument

表达并不是100%赞同某个观点时


'All the same'

(用于表达你“觉得这个观点有一定的道理,但更加认同....)


Yes, I agree that some young people are spendthrifts but, all the same, the majority are not like that.  


7


Persuading

说服


After all  

(You have to admit.....)

(毕竟,终究,归根结底)


Most Chinese people about the age of twenty make their own decisions about important things in life. After all, they’re adults at that age.


8


Dismissal of Previous Discourse

否定上一段说过的话时


Anyway

= Anyhow (无论如何)

= At any rate (无论如何, 不管怎样)

= In any case (无论如何, 总之)


Anyway, I eventually got there and nobody noticed that I was late! (After telling a story about being late.)


At least (反正, 无论如何)

At least I got there before the main part of the ceremony. (After telling a story about being late.) (Notice no comma used after, ‘At least’)


9


Adding; Giving More Details

在展开观点/说明细节时


As well as that

(= Not only that)

Art classes for, say, primary school children encourage the development of the imagination, creativity and self-expression. As well as that, these art classes provide an opportunity for those who have special artistic talent to become aware of this talent......


On top of that

Well, firstly, emails are much faster and cheaper than handwritten letters.

On top of that, they're much more convenient – you can read or write emails ......


Another thing is

I think the latest video technology is in many ways superior to books in educational value because......

Another thing is, it's easier to store and carry around a disc than a book that holds the same amount of information.


For that matter

(“As a matter of fact”, “In fact” and  “Actually”)

To tell you the truth, I'm not very interested in basketball. For that matter, I'm not very interested in any sport.


Besides

(“而且” + “无论如何” or “而且” + “不管怎样”的意思)

I haven't seen that film. Besides, I've heard it’s not very good.


What's more

Yes, I think the internet has changed people’s reading habits – for the better..... What’s more, topics such as current events are being updated daily so we can always be up to date with the news.


Furthermore

Actually, I think academic skills are more important than practical skills because,......

Furthermore, I think in the future, society will value those who have brainpower more than those people who can do practical things with their hands.


In addition

Reading allows people to become aware of their society and, in fact the whole world. In addition, reading is the main way that people increase their education ......


Moreover

(这个词非常正式,最好不要用在口语考试中)

Advertisements that glorify violence are a negative influence on children.

Moreover, I think they’re a negative influence on anyone who sees them, not just children.


特别提示:

besides:除了A以外,还有......

in addition/in addition/moreover/furthermore : 包括A在内,还有......


10


Giving Examples

举个栗子


For example

For instance

As an example

To begin with

To start with

For a start


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